This paper discusses the impact being a commuter has on GPA when compared to those who live on campus. The paper uses Vincent Tinto’s Student Integration Model as the framework. Academic and Social Integration are key factors in determining whether a student will drop out of school or not. Dropping out of school can be associated with low GPA. Thus, low levels of social and academic integration can cause lower GPA. As written about in the paper, commuter student lack social integration as they rarely spend free time on campus because of prior commitments. This is what causes them to have a lower GPA than those who live on-campus. The paper also analyzed motivation. For those students who commute further distances seem not to have their GPA impacted by the commute. This can very likely be that they are more motivated to their academics and realize their sacrifice.
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